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Case Study Part 2- Ethnic Discrimination in Guatemala

Order Description

1. Please see attached document “instructions” for specific details regarding this order.

2. One of the most important aspects of the order is extracting information from sources and providing a parenthetical reference after each sentence. For example, in your paper if you write and cite the following;

“The conflict’s history dates back to 1944 when Dictator General Jorge Ubico’s government was overthrown (Buckman 1993, 15).”

I expect to go to the source of the article by the author Buckman and read on pg.15 of the article a similar sentence to the one you have cited. **********THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT

3. There are four sections to the paper. Sections A,B,C, and D. in the instructions doc specify exactly what is required for each section.

4. You are not allowed to use any web sources for sections A&B, but you can use web sources for sections C&D. For sections A&B You MUST use primary sources only (scholarly journals, journal articles, and reports), using specific data bases i provide access to. see instructions and pay close attention to the section “About your sources”

*****For this entire paper you are NOT allowed to use any Book reviews, encyclopedias, Wikipedia, CIA references, travel guides, or newspapers.****

each section requires 12-15 sources per section.

Please let me know if you have any questions after viewing the instructions.

Course: Public Policy Peace Operations – EXPERIENCIAL APPLICATIONS

Course Overview

Purpose of the Class:

Peace Operations I examines theories of peace and stability operations.  Peace Operations II features guest speakers who detail their work in the field.  Both approach our discipline from a functional perspective.  Experiential Applications concentrates on the institutional mindsets, characteristics, and behaviors of the actors involved in these operations.  Readings, role-plays, and research underpin the class.  Special attention is also paid to developing students’ investigative and graduate-level writing skills.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completion of the class, students will be familiar with the different types of actors—civilian/military, government/ non-governmental, and local/international—typically participating in an intervention, including their motivations and style of involvement.  They will better understand their ability to address conflict parties and fellow intervenors.

Case Study Assignment Part II:

EA Case Study Part II——“Issue as Viewed Externally”

In the first part of your case study, you provided background information on your assigned territory, the parties involved in the conflict, and 10 authors’ thinking on the source of the conflict.  In this portion of the case study, you will investigate one issue in that post-conflict society which impacts the bringing about of sustainable peace.  In this case you have chosen to examine the discrimination issue in Guatemala from an external view. (***See attached. “Issue selection”)

Once more, your paper should number between 8-10 single-spaced pages; and each section described below created from 12-15 different sources per section.  Twelve pages (including the sources) is the maximum page allowance.  Please use the Chicago style author-date system for citations (parenthetical references and a List of Sources) found in the Common Reference Guide (Attached).  With respect to format, please use the following:

Font     Times New Roman
Font Size     11 point
Margins     1” (all sides)
Paragraphs    Indent first line by 0.5”
Spacing     Single space — double space between paragraphs
Quote (less than four lines)     Within the body of a sentence captured by quotations marks
Quote (more than four lines)     Single spaced and double-indented paragraph
Headers?     Yes please
Page Numbers?    Yes please
List of Sources?     Yes please
Sources per Section (12-15)    Yes please

Primary sources, academic sources, scholarly journals, journal articles, books, and reports, are typically form the bulk of the sources for sections A and B.  The latter two, and information for sections C and D, may be found through the Internet sources.  ***In all sections, the CIA World Fact Book and encyclopedias (including Wikipedia) are not considered appropriate resources. DO NOT USE THESE.***

You have selected to do the “Issue as Viewed Externally,” for the following sections A,B,C and D please:

Section A.  Describe the situation with your issue (ethnic discrimination) prior to the conflict.  (For instance, human rights violations were taking place in Guatemala prior to 1960—describe)

Section B.  Detail what happened during the course of the conflict related to your issue? (Ethnic discrimination) (For instance, who became the child soldiers and why?  Who did they work for?  Who did they target?  How many of them were there?  Where did this issue stand at the point the conflict ended?)

Section C.  Select one international organization (IO) that is (or was) doing work in your country on your issue (in this case The United Nations Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA)).  Please state the full name of the organization and where it is/was headquartered.  Indicate when it was established and for what purpose.  Explain the organization’s policy on your issue in general.  Describe where the organization has/had offices in your country and the program(s) that it has/had to address this issue in your country—when initiated (and closed out if relevant), target population, and summary of program.

Section D.  Select one international non-governmental (NGO) that is (or was) doing work in your territory on your issue (NGO- Catholic Relief Services (CRS)).  State the full name of this organization and where it is/was headquartered.  Indicate when it was established and for what purpose.  Explain the organization’s policy on your issue in general.  Describe where the organization has/had offices in your country and the program(s) that it has/had to address this issue in your country—when initiated (and closed out if relevant), target population, and summary of program.

Additional Instructions For This Order:

As described in the assignment above;

1. In section A- I will be looking to see the history of ethnic discrimination in Guatemala prior to the conflict period.  You can go way back in time.  Much of this material will likely be found in old journal articles (check JSTOR), books, and possibly the beginning portions of reports that are dealing with the issue in the post-conflict period (they usually like to tell the story of the past).

2. In section B, please detail the ethnic discrimination taking place during the conflict period.

You may use web sources for sections C&D
3. for section C- Kindly use The United Nations Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) to cover all the requested bits of information per your topic of (here addressing) ethnic discrimination.  It is OK if programming in Guatemala concluded. You may want to visit the following websites for this section;
https://www.usip.org/publications/peace-agreements-guatemala
https://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/past/minugua.htm
https://www.c-r.org/accord-article/reframing-citizenship-indigenous-rights-local-power-and-peace-process-guatemala

4.  For section D- Catholic Relief Services (CRS)  is definitely an NGO – once again kindly ensure it had offices in the country, cover all requested bits of info, and it is OK if the programming concluded and they went home.

–    -For this order you are to write an 8 page case study paper regarding the specifications described above for each section.
–    The structure of the paper should follow the details indicated above and also view attached “CaseStudy_Part II_Example” to get an idea of what your paper should look like.
*****The goal of this assignment is to extract information from multiple sources and craft your paper following the requirements for each section above. Each citation MUST match the article from where you extracted the information*****

****Fundamentals of Writing:
–    It is important that the entire paper is well organized, coherent, concise and to the point.
–    The structure of your paper should move smoothly from one point to the next, the same way you want your audience’s thought to go. Therefore, Transitions between paragraphs, recommendations or stating an issue, needs to be well elaborated and explained clearly.
–    Do not use filler words within your sentences. e.g. “in order to”, or “the parties”. If you have labeled/header as the parties section within your paper, do not write “the parties again” within that section- these are filler words and they should not be used repetitively. Also, make sure you don’t over use the word “and” repetitively within the same sentence twice. This becomes confusing and redundant.
–    Use creative action verbs to start a direct sentence, such as;
o    Create – Sentence 1
o    Design – Sentence 2
o    Implement – Sentence 3
–    Your paper should be written in a way that someone who doesn’t know anything about your topic, should be able to understand what your paper and arguments are about.
–    *****By any means, do not use passive voice in your writing. It needs to be more active and forward leading
–    -See attached “CaseStudy_Part II_Example” – this is a good example of how well each section of analysis needs to be explained and structured.

**************About Your Sources: *******************

1) For this order, you are NOT allowed to use any Book reviews, encyclopedias, Wikipedia, CIA references, travel guides, newspapers, etc… You MUST use primary sources (scholarly journals, journal articles, books, etc.,) ***This is very important***. Pay close attention to page numbers and paragraph numbers as these will be very important when you are citing throughout your paper. Make sure your parenthetical citations in your paper match with the sources you are using. i.e. if you write and cite;

“The conflict’s history dates back to 1944 when Dictator General Jorge Ubico’s government was overthrown (Buckman 1993, 15).”

I expect to go to the source of the article by the author Buckman and read on pg.15 of the article a similar sentence to the one you have cited*********THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT*******

2) For Section A&B Your MUST use the following database (JSTOR, ProQuest) to research your sources. All of your primary sources (scholarly journals, journal articles, reports) MUST BE DRAWN FROM THESE DATABASES ONLY.***

Please follow these steps to access this database;

Website: http://library.gmu.edu/

1) Click on Tab “Articles&More”
2) Click on highlighted “JSTOR” or “ProQuest”
3) If you click on JSTOR, it will bring you to this site

https://login.gmu.edu/login?service=http%3a%2f%2fmutex.gmu.edu%2flogin%3fqurl%3dezp.2aHR0cDovL3d3dy5qc3Rvci5vcmc-

if you click on ProQuest, it will bring you to this site;

https://login.gmu.edu/login?service=http%3a%2f%2fmutex.gmu.edu%2flogin%3fqurl%3dezp.2aHR0cDovL3NlYXJjaC5wcm9xdWVzdC5jb20vcHFybD9hY2NvdW50aWQ9MTQ1NDE-

4) Login for both of these databases is;
ID: mmaldon3
Password: 766-OXen-72320

5) You must use this database for your resources.
6) Again- citations, page numbers, paragraph numbers from your sources will be very important and must match the parenthetical references in your paper. VERY IMPORTANT***
7) You MUST provide me with links to all of the sources you use from this databases.
8) I must be able to have access to all of the sources you use. If you are using a report or a journal article not from this database you need to provide a  direct link to it and upload it to the following website so that I may have access to it;

Website Link: https://www.4shared.com/
Log in: [email protected]
Password: PaPeRs2013

Please, please, please, if you need information about a particular country do not use the CIA World Factbook or Wikipedia! Please use the EIU Country Information database.

EIU Country Information Database

1. Go to <library.gmu.edu>.
2. Touch “Search” in the BLACK header and then “Articles & Databases” [SECOND ITEM].
3. Touch the blue “E” link.
4. Scroll down and touch the “EIU Country Information” link.

RELIEF WEB

Use <www.reliefweb.int> to find up-to-date (and archived) information from the many different international and local organizations working in conflict and disaster zones throughout the world.

Format:

The Peace Operations Policy Program requires that students use Chicago “author-date” style citing.  This is based upon Turabian (1996) and displays a parenthetical reference. i.e (Granding 2011, 44).

Font     Times New Roman
Font Size     11 point
Margins     1” (all sides)
Paragraphs    Indent first line by 0.5”
Spacing     Single space — double space between paragraphs
Quote (less than four lines)     Within the body of a sentence captured by quotations marks
Quote (more than four lines)     Single spaced and double-indented paragraph
Headers?     Yes please
Page Numbers?    Yes please
List of Sources?     Yes please
Sources per Section (12-15)    Yes please

Make sure you are formatting your parenthetical references, Ibids, and sources page appropriately. ***See the following attached documents for details; –
•    “Citations Guide_ Parenthetical_Source Reference
•    “Ibid_Formatting
*****NO GRAMATICAL ERRORS***

Formatting your Sources /References:

The Peace Operations Policy Program requires that students use Chicago “author-date” style citing.  This “Common References Guide” is based upon Turabian (1996) and displays a parenthetical reference (PR) and source (as it should appear in the reference list [RL]) for various materials typically encountered in your research.  Formatting techniques and hints are also provided.

***See the following attached documents for details; –
•    “Citations Guide_ Parenthetical_Source Reference
•    “Ibid_Formatting

***Please note the following should give you an idea of how the different sections of your paper will be evaluated—actual assignment details previously mentioned above***

Citing
Make sure you are using appropriate academic sources. Also make sure you are formatting your parenthetical references, Ibids, and sources page appropriately. ***See Attached documents-
•    “Citations Guide_ Parenthetical_Source Reference
•    “Ibid_Formatting
Once again, Make sure that all of your citations match the article from where you extracted the information. for example, if you write and cite;

“The conflict’s history dates back to 1944 when Dictator General Jorge Ubico’s government was overthrown (Buckman 1993, 15).”

I expect to go to the source of the article by the author Buckman and read a similar sentence you have cited within pg.15. **********THIS IS VERY
IMPORTANT********************

Writing Style – Keep in mind you are writing for an audience that knows nothing about your topic, therefore you need to explain and elaborate your reasons in a simple and coherent manner so that anyone reading your paper is able to understand what your paper is about. Keep within your topic and make sure you cover every area that is required as well as mentioned above for each section of the paper. Keep your sentences clear coherent and to the point. Do not go off topic and discuss content you are not required to cover.  Under no circumstances, there should not be any  ***NO GRAMATICAL ERRORS****

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