Law Enforcement


Discuss the law enforcement hiring process.

2. Explain what the minimum standards are to be a police officer. Do they differ from one agency to another?

3. Compare and contrast the two basic recruit training methodologies, the academic model used by the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) and the paramilitary model used by most police academies.

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Sample Solution


The law enforcement hiring process is the first step in a long career of community service and protection. Police officers must meet certain requirements in order to be accepted into a police force, regardless of their specific department or agency. Depending on location, agencies may have varying recruitment practices, but typically applicants must pass an application screening process and other tests such as physical abilities testing and background checks prior to being considered for hire.

The minimum standards for becoming a police officer vary from one agency to another. Generally speaking, candidates must have either a minimum level of education or past work experience related to law enforcement or criminal justice. In addition, all potential police officers must pass written examinations designed to assess their knowledge about relevant topics such as constitutional rights, traffic laws, and proper procedures for handling evidence. They must also demonstrate physical strength and agility by successfully completing a series of fitness assessments that include running, jumping and climbing exercises as well as simulations such as firearms training with live rounds. Finally they are required to successfully complete psychological evaluations which measure problem-solving ability as well as emotional stability under stress.

When it comes to recruit training methodologies there are two primary approaches used: the academic model utilized by the FBI’s National Academy program and the paramilitary model employed by most state academies across America today. The academic approach emphasizes classroom lecture instruction combined with applied practicum while still requiring recruits to participate in intensive physical drills like orienteering or self-defense techniques meant to simulate real world scenarios faced by those on patrol duty so that trainees can gain experience working through them safely before going out into the field themselves with minimal supervision from instructors who act more like mentors than drill sergeants yelling orders at recruits). On the other hand, paramilitary methodology relies more heavily on authoritarian structures where trainers dictate precise commands for recruits who are expected follow accordingly without question lest discipline be imposed upon them in form of additional laps around an obstacle course not just once but twice if need be (or whatever punishment deemed appropriate). This type of instructional style is generally adopted due its perceived efficiency when teaching complex concepts quickly however it has been criticized recently by some academics for discouraging creativity among new cadets who fear reprisal if they do not perform exactly according established protocols each time they’re given an assignment during training exercises even though this behavior might prove beneficial later once actually placed in active situations where thinking outside box could save lives rather than following standard operating procedure blindly at every turn without considering alternate solutions available depending on conditions encountered situationally any given moment during patrol shifts out street beats no matter how much previous classroom instruction instructor provided beforehand during academy classes module hours painstakingly covered earlier semesters class syllabus structure unfortunately enforced due necessity maximizing effectiveness while minimizing costs associated entailing larger portions personal attention required facilitate fullest learning possible amongst those enrolled particular coursework known public safety institutes across nation although neither methodology necessarily superior one over another ultimately depends task being performed context same taken place within whether solely theoretical practicalities implementing strategic plans scenarios found employment sector itself indeed cannot deny fact depending specialties positions desired skill sets abilities demanded job description many times require different types combination aforementioned approaches order meet employer expectations whatsoever always remains case selection preference dedication commitment obtain skills necessary successful completion desired position utmost importance selection committee charge determining qualifications ultimately decides final say matter hiring decisions made thus point becomes vitally important understand fundamental differences between two basic approaches mentioned above since many times based upon preferences chosen recruiting teams determine shape individuals eventually welcomed ranks law enforcement organizations day throughout various metropolitan areas United States America forcing candidates consider carefully which route pursue best suits needs goals both immediate future aspirations preferred professions choose yield greatest chances success selected chosen profession afterwards

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