PICO Analysis of Research
Consider the practice problem you addressed in this week’s Discussion. (You may select a new issue if necessary, but it is not recommended.)
Review the guidelines in the Literature Review Matrix, included in the Learning Resources. Formulate a research question around your issue as indicated in Part I. Then complete Part II of the Matrix, identifying the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings.
Using the Library, locate 10 articles related to your research question. At least one article must be a systematic review. All of the articles should be primary sources. NOTE: If appropriate, you may use the articles you reviewed for this week’s Discussion
Now Complete Part I to IV of the Literature Review Matrix template attached.
Literature Review Matrix
Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic
P: Patient or Population
I: Anticipated Intervention
C: Comparison group or Current standard
O: Outcome desired
Source: Adapted from Elkins (2010)
Step 1: Frame your clinical question using the PICO method.
Part II: Search Strategy
Using the Library and other appropriate databases, locate ten scholarly articles that pertain to a practice issue of interest to you and that is appropriate for an evidence-based practice project.
Step 1: Identify the resources you will utilize, or utilized, to find articles that pertain to your topic
Electronic Databases Research or Professional Organizations Experts in the field to consult Books, encyclopedias, handbooks
Step 2: Identify search terms and criteria
Key words & phrases Major authors Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Step 3: Identify Boolean search strings
Part III: Analysis of Literature
Step 1: Summarize the ten (10) articles you select from your search efforts completing the table below.
Summary Table of Analyzed Articles (you may determine your own headings)
Citation Conceptual Framework/ Theory Main finding Research method Strengths of study Weaknesses Level of Evidence
Step 2: Briefly summarize the history and purpose of your research question.
Step 3: Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of existing literature.
Step 4: What gap exists in the current literature? Explain.
Part IV: Identify the influence of empiricism on quantitative research methodology. Discuss its applicability to evidenced-based practice projects.
Elkins, M. Y. (2010). Using PICO and the brief report to answer clinical questions. Nursing, 40(4), 59-60.
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